You cannot forget ESFPs! These kind people are extremely warm, like to entertain others and are a real pleasure to have around.

The enthusiastic team player

You can recognise ESFPs by the enthusiasm they display whilst being on the job. They have a cheerful nature and love being around people. This one of the reasons why David Keirsey calls them Performers. They also enjoy helping others and taking care of them, making them great team members to have around.

A concrete approach to life

Performers are practical people who have both feet firmly planted on the ground. They like doing concrete things, usually in a sequential manner, and are particularly good at quickly assessing a situation. This enables them to promptly decide upon a course of action.

Flexible individuals

Performers love it when things move fast! They welcome change because of their ability to adapt well and because it gives them another opportunity to make work more exciting. When a situation requires a new way of doing things, Performers will be amongst the first ones to give it a shot.

The flip side of the coin

What is a strength in a certain situation becomes a weakness in another one. Therefore, our strengths and weaknesses are two sides of the same coin and very much depend on circumstances.Performers need to be aware that some of their strong points can sometimes dis-serve them:

- Being such great team players, Performers sometimes find it hard to work on their own. This means that they should avoid jobs requiring them to seat apart from others and think on their own for extended periods of time. They also have a tendency to take things too personally. For example at work, they should try to put some distance between them and the situation at hand.

- Performers are also so grounded in reality and the here and now that they sometimes don’t try to see the far reaching consequences of their actions. They can address this by setting aside some time to plan and think about alternative means of reaching their goals.

- Performers like to be flexible, which means that they also can have a problem with activities such as planning or having long terms goals. They also tend to be impulsive and not very fond of rules or structures that restrict their sense of freedom.


It is almost impossible to predict which personalities will get on best. However, type psychologists have tried. Therefore, you can have a look to what they have to say. There are after all, a few good ideas, but you should still be very cautious here, especially for romantic relationships. Be careful about who you entrust your heart to.

David Keirsey says for example in Please Understand Me II that ESFP Performers would be “most compatible” with ISTJ Inspector. He explains that the Inspector, a model of reliability and trustworthiness, is capable of bringing structure and “accountability” to the Performer. The latter in turn takes care of all the fun aspects of the couple’s life: parties, concerts, movies…

However, bear in mind that the success of a relationship cannot be predicted on type alone.

Studies and career

Choosing a career is a very important decision. For young people interested in making an informed career choice or anyone willing to change theirs, I strongly recommend that you acquire this fantastic book by Paul Tieger and Barbara Baron: Do What You Are . This book explores, for each of the 16 types, the kind of profession that should allow you to make the best use of your strengths and suit your personality better. You will find here a very short list of professions that the authors would advise for ESFPs:
- Teacher: early childhood and elementary or art, drama and music
- Substance abuse counsellor
- Dog trainer
- Pharmacy technician
- Special events coordinator
- Costume/wardrobe specialist
- Public relation specialist
- Real estate agent
- Chef and head cook
- Marine biologist

Again, be careful because type alone cannot predict if you will be successful in a career. You also need to take into account your own abilities, dedication to your goal, personal interests, state of the economy, professional environment... There is no guarantee in life. However, this book is a great place to start your search.

Self esteem

Type also helps you to understand how to like yourself. In Portraits fo Self Esteem , Bonnie J. Golden explains that self esteem is a combination of self-worth and competence in the life areas of relationships, intelligence, emotional self, physical self and work.

The more competent you are in all these areas, the more likely you are to feel good about yourself. It is like not having all your eggs in the same basket: if something bad happens in one of these areas of your life, you will still be able to rely on the others to support yourself.

About ESFPs, she mentions the fact that they feel particularly good about themselves when:
- They think of all the people that they have helped in their life with all the time and money that they have given to the needy
- They think about all the depressing things that they have overcome in their life
- They help others
- They are with their family
- They give a presentation at work and are praised by their colleagues as a result

Return from ESFP to Myers Briggs Personality Types

Return from ESFP to Type Central